AutoCAD 2018 Training

Tutorial - Floor Plan

 

Aims and Objectives

To help you gain an appreciation of applying AutoCAD commands in engineering drawing production, you will create a floor plan by using multilines. See Figure 1. In making this drawing, you will use multiple, polyline, trace, donut, and 2D solid object.:

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image66.jpg
Figure 1: Floor plan

Modeling

Using Startup system variable to control display of  New Drawing dialog box when a new drawing is started with NEW or QNEW.

Command: STARTUP
Enter new value for STARTUP <0>:
1

Using menubar system variable to control display of menu bar.

Command: MENUBAR
Enter new value for MENUBAR <0>: 1

Then start a new drawing with the NEW command. Use a wizard and pick setup procedure. Select decimal units and set an initial display area 8,000 X 12,000.

<File> <New...>

Command : NEW
[Create New Drawings]
Select how to begin :
Use a Wizards
Quick Setup
[OK]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\startup.jpg

Figure 2: Quick setup 1

[Quick: Setup
Step 1 : Units
Decimal
Next >>
Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\startup1.jpg
Figure 3: Quick setup 2

[Step 2 : Area
Width :
8000
Length :
12000
Finish]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\startup2.jpg
Figure 3: Quick setup 3

Use the LAYER command to create an additional layer called Plan and set this layer as the current layer.

<Layers panel>    <Layer Properties>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\layerprop.jpg
Figure 4: Layer properties

<New layer>

Name : Plan

Layer Name

Color

Plan

White

Label

Yellow

Hatch

White


Select layer <Plan> and make it as current layer

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image61.jpg
Figure 5: Make an new layer
 

Multiple Lines

Multiple lines are sets of parallel lines. They are very useful in 2D architechural or interior design drawings. By using the MLINE command, you may create up to 16 parallel lines at the same time. The style of the multiple lines is set by the MLSTYLE command. To edit a multiple line, you may use MLEDIT command,

From the format pull-down menu, select the Multiline Style... item to use the MLSTYLE command to set up four multiline Style. See Figure 6

 Oject Snap Tracking helps you draw objects at specific angles or in specific relationships to other objects.
To enable it, press "F11"

<Menu Browser><View> <Zoom><All>

<Menu Browser><Format>    <Multiline Style....>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\mline1.jpg
Figure 6: Multine Style

Command: MLSTYLE

Next to the item Name:, key in 120WALL. Description is Internal Wall. Select  the [Add] Button to create a new style.

Select [New]

[Multiline Style
Multiline Style
New Style Name :
120WALL
Select [Continue]


Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\mline2.jpg

Figure 7 Create new Multiline Style dialog box

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\mline3.jpg

Figure 8  120wall setup

Type ‘inner wall’ in the description area.

Check the ‘Start’ and ‘End’ boxes

Set fill color to ‘Cyan’.

Change offset to 60 and -60.

Select [OK]

 Try on your own to create three more multiline style. In total, you should have four styles. See below.

Name

Description

Element Properties

Multiline Properties

120WALL

Internal Wall

60

-60

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

ByLayer

Line Start End
Angle 90° 90°
Fill : On
Color : Cyan

200WALL

External Wall

100

-100

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

ByLayer

Line Start End
Angle 90° 90°
Fill : On
Color : Cyan

200WINDOW

Window

100

0

-100

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Line Start End
Angle 90° 90°
Fill : None

200BALCONY

Balcony

100

-100

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Bylayer

Line Start End
Angle 90° 90°
Fill : None

On returning to the main dialog box, select the [ Save...] button. A multiline style is created.

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\mline4.jpg
Figure 9: Multiline setup

[Save ...]
Save in  [c:\students\]
File name :  acad
[Save]

Select [200wall] from the style list and select  [Set Current] then select [OK]
<Menu Browser><View
> <Zoom><All>

Press F8 to restrict the cursor movement to horizontal and vertical direction. (turn on Ortho)
<F8>

After setting four multiline styles, you can start to create the floor plan. From the Draw pull-down menu, select the Multiline item to run the MLINE command to create three segments of the outer wall. See Figure 10.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>

Command : MLINE
Current Settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = STANDARD
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
S
Enter Mline scale <20.00>:
1
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: 
ST

Choose the 200WALL, style for the first part of the floor plan.

Enter mline style name or [?] : 200WALL
Current setting : Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J

Justification determines how the multiline is drawn between the points that you select. Top justification means that all measurement will be taken from the topmost multiline.

Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>: TOP
Current Setting : Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: 
2500,0
Specify next point: 
[Move cursor horizontal to left to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :2500


Specify next point or [Undo]: [Move cursor vertically upward to display a vertically tracking line]
Type :10000

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :500

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[Enter]

To access Object snaps tab in the Drafting Settings dialog Box, right click object snap button on the status bar. Select Settings....

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\fig10b.jpg
Figure 10: Object Snap Tab

<ENDpoint><OK>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\fig10c.jpg
Figure 11: Object Snap Tab 2

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure10.jpg

Figure 12 :  Multline 200WALL created

Because the first multiline segment draws from right to left, AB of Figure 10. 117 is the topmost multiline. As such, the length of the wall AB, BC, and CD are 2500,10000, and 500, repectively. Create another multiline for the window opening. Use style 200WINDOW. Again justification is top. See Figure 12.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
ST
Enter mline style name or [?]:
200WINDOW
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WINDOW
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
TOP
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WINDOW
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: 
[Select E (Figure 12)]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :3000
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Enter]


Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure11.jpg

Figure 13: Multiline 200WINDOW created

Make another multiline segment with 200WALL style. See Figure 11.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WINDOW
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
ST
Enter mline style name or [?]:
200WALL
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
TOP
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Select endpoint A (Figure 13)]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type  : 500
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Enter]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\fig7.gif

Figure 14 : Multiline 200WALL created

Draw two segments of the balcony using 200BALCONY style. See Figure 15.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
ST
Enter mline style name or [?]:
200BALCONY
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200BALCONY
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
TOP
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200BALCONY
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: 
[Select endpoint A (Figure 14)]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :2000
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Move cursor vertically downward to display a vertically tracking line]
Type :3300
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: [Enter]

Description: Figure 8

Figure 15 : Multiline 200BALCONY created

Repeat the MLINE command to complete the outer wall. Use 200WALL style. See figure 9.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200BALCONY
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
ST
Mstyle name (or ?):
200WALL
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
Top
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Select endpoint A (Figure 15).]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor vertically downward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type :6700
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Move cursor horizontal to left to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :2600
Close/Undo/<To point>: [Enter]

Description: Figure 9

Figure 16 :  Outer wall created

The outer walls are complete. In making these walls, you have used three types of multiline styles - 200WALL, 200WINDOW, and 200BALCONY. Now, you will use the 120WALL style to create the internal walls.

Repeat the MLINE command to create eight wall segments. See figure 17.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 200WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
ST
Enter mline style name or [?] :
120WALL
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Top/Zero/Bottom <top>:
TOP
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: 
[Select endpoint A (Figure 16).]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor vertically downward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type :900
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Enter]

With top justification and the second point of the multiline segment pointing toward 270° direction, the start point of the multiline aligns with point A of Figure 16.

The next line segment should align with B of Figure 16. Because the direction of this line segment is in 180° direction, justification is bottom. See Figure 17.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Bottom, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
B
Current settings: Justification = Bottom, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Select endpoint B (Figure 16).]
Specify next point:
[Move cursor horizontal to left to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :3000
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Enter]

The next segment is 3100 units offset from C of Figure 16 and is toward 0° direction. Therefore, justification is top.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings:  Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to point C in Figure 16 then move cursor vertically downward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type :3100
Specify next point:
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type :2000
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[Enter]

The next segment starts from 2600 units in 90° direction of D of Figure 17.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
B
Current settings: Justification = Bottom, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint D in Figure 16 then move cursor vertically upward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type: 2600
Specify next point :
[Move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type: 1800
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[Move cursor vertically downward to right to display a vertically tracking line]
Type:200
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[Enter]

The next segment starts from 1800 units in 0° direction of D of Figure 16.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint D in Figure 16 then move cursor horizontal to right to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type: 1800
[Move cursor vertically upward to display a vertically tracking line]
Type: 1800
Undo/<To point>:[Enter]

The next segment starts from 2600 units in 90° direction of E of Figure 16

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint E in Figure 16 then move cursor vertically upward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type: 2600
Specify next point :
[Move cursor horizontal to left to display a horizontal  tracking line]
Type: 1800
Specify next point or [Undo]: [Enter]

The next segment starts from 1000 units in 90° direction of E of Figure 16.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint E in Figure 16 then move cursor vertically upward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type : 1000


Specify next point: :
[Move cursor horizontal to left to display a horizontal  tracking line]
Type : 1680
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[Move cursor vertically downward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type : 100
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[Enter]

The next segment starts from 1800 units in 180° direction of E of Figure 16.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint E in Figure 16 then move cursor to left horizontal to display a horizontal tracking line]
Type : 1800


Specify next point:
[Move cursor vertically upward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type : 100
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[Enter]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure15.jpg
Figure 17:  Internal walls created

Repeat the MLINE command to create another multiline segment. The multilines created are filled. To speed up display regeneration, turn off the Fill mode by applying the FILL command. In order for the new Fill mode to take effect, issue the REGEN command. See Figure 18.

<Menu Browser><Draw>    <Multiline>
Command : [MLINE]
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
J
Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <top>:
T
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = 120WALL
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
[Move the cursor to endpoint A in Figure 17 then move cursor vertically downward to display a vertical tracking line]
Type:
1200
Specify next point:
PERP to [Select B (Figure 17).]
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[Enter]


Command:
FILL
Enter mode [ON/OFF]  <ON>:
OFF

<View><Regen>
Command :
REGEN
Regenerating drawing

Description: Figure 11
Figure 18:  Fill mode turned off

 

You can join multiline line segments together by using the MLEDIT command. From the Modify pull-down menu, select the Object cascading menu and then the Multiline... item. See Figure 18.

In the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box, select the first row of the third column - Corner joint. Then select the [Close] button.

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure17.jpg

Figure 19 : Corner joint selected.

<Menu Browser> <Modify>     <Object>    <Multiline...>

Command : MLEDIT

After selecting the corner joint, edit two joints.

 

Description: Figure 11
Figure 20:  MLine

 

Select first mline: [Select A ( Figure 20).]
Select second mline:
[Select B ( Figure 20).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select C ( Figure 20).]
Select second mline:
[Select D ( Figure 20).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Enter]

Repeat the MLEDIT command and select second row of the second column - Open tee.

<Menu Browser> <Modify>     <Object>    <Multiline...>
Command : MLEDIT

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure18.jpg
Figure 21 :  Open tee selected

Edit the other joints

 

Description: Figure 11
Figure 21:  MLine

 

Select first mline: [Select E (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select F (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select G (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select H (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select J (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select K (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select L (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select M (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select P (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select Q (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select R (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select S (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Select T (Figure 21).]
Select second mline:
[Select U (Figure 21).]
Select first mline(or Undo):
[Enter]

Set Fill on and regenerate the drawing. See Figure 22.

Command : Fill
Enter mode [ON/OFF] :
ON

<Menu Browser> <View>     <Regen>

Command : REGEN
Regenerating drawing.

 

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\figure22.jpg

Figure 22: Floor plan completed

 

Edit by Stretching

If you examine Figure 22 carefully and compare it with Figure 1, you may find that the size of a wall is incorrect. Use the STRETCH command to correct it. See Figure 23.

<Modify panel>     <Stretch>
Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\new9.jpg

Command: STRETCH
Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
Select objects:
CROSS
Specify first corner:
[Select A (Figure 23).]
Specify opposite corener:
[Select B (Figure 23).]
Select objects:
[Enter]
Base point or displacement:
200<90
Second point of displacement:
[Enter]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\fig14.gif
Figure 23
: Wall stretched

 

To set layer label as current.

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image50.jpg

<Annotation>     <Text> <Single LineText>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image51.jpg

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image52.jpg
Figure 25 :  Completed floor plan

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select A (Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
BEDROOM
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

Press [Enter]to repeat command

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select B (Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
STORAGE
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

Press [Enter]to repeat command

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select C (Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
LIVING ROOM
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

Press [Enter]to repeat command

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select D (Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
BATHROOM
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

Press [Enter]to repeat command

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select E(Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
KITCHEN
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

Press [Enter]to repeat command

Command: TEXT
Specify start point:
[Select F (Figure 25).]
Specify height:
200
Specify rotation angle of text:0
Base point or displacement:
[Enter]
Text :
DINING ROOM
Text : [Enter]
Text : [Enter]

<Modify panel>     <Explode>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image59.jpg


Command: EXPLODE
Select objects: ALL
Select objects:  [Enter]

Set hatch as current layer.

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image62.jpg

<Draw panel>     <Hatch>

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image60.jpg

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image63.jpg

Hatch Pattern : [DOTS]
Scale: 2000
[Pick Points]
 [Select A (Figure 26).]
 [Select B (Figure 26).]
 [Select C (Figure 26).]
 [Select D (Figure 26).]
 [Select E (Figure 26).]
[Enter]

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\1\Image64.jpg
Figure 26 :  Hatch


 

The drawing is complete. Save your drawing.

Description: \\pc005\home\floor2013\menu.jpg<File>    <Save>

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